《读者文摘》十月份的Word Power

上个月写了读者文摘英语脑激荡,一些朋友很感兴趣。

我已经收到了十月号的英国版《读者文摘》(Reader’s Digest),里头的Word Power一页,要读者猜一猜词汇,有15个生词。

在没看答案以前,我只猜对5个答案,家里的英国人,猜对13个。

乔治三世250年前的9月份登基,当时英国的语言养分已经很丰富了。以下15个词,是18到19世纪出现的。你认识几个?其中两个你应该碰过,kowtow 和freelance,所以,没有人会得零分。

《读者文摘》10月号的Word Power如下:

1)      Serendipity; 2)chin-chin;3)cicisbeo; 4)Malthusian;5)Protégé;6)Disportive;

7)Aspidistra; 8)Trihedron;9)Herbarium;10)Flacon;11)Pentadactyl;12)Freelance;

13)Undine; 14)Testa; 15)Kowtow

简单注解如下:

1)      Serendipity: making happy discoveries by accident. 易于奇缘的运气。作家Horace Walpole 1754年所创,出于童话The Three Princes of Serendip

2)      chin-chin: cheers. ‘chin-chin! Down that hatch.’ An 18th century pronunciation of the Mandarin ts’ing ts’ing (十八世纪汉语ts’ing ts’ing的发音,即干杯之意。我真是第一次看到这个词儿)。

3)      cicisbeo: a married woman’s male companion. 有夫之妇的男伴

4)      Malthusian: using moral restraint to keep the population down. 和马萨尔斯人口论有关的

5)      Protégé: Someone promoted by a patron, French, meaning ‘protected’. 被保护者,手下

6)      Disportive: keen on games.喜爱游戏的

7)      Aspidistra: bulbous lily 蜘蛛抱蛋属

8)      Trihedron: (数)三面体

9)      Herbarium: collection of dried plants植物标本集

10)  Flacon: a small bottle 小玻璃瓶(如用来装香水)

11)  Pentadactyl: a five-fingered or five-toed creature 有五指(五趾)的生物

12)  Freelance: self-employed 自雇者

13)  Undine: female water spirit. 女水仙;水中精灵(据说须和凡人结婚,才能具有灵魂和生孩子。)

14)  Testa: seed’s outer covering.(植)(外)种皮

15)  Kowtow: defer to someone. 磕头

Published by

Janet Williams 張玉雲

I am Janet Williams, an academic living in the southeast of England. I blog about culture, history, languages and my community. I created Chandler's Ford Today. During my spare time, I make Origami. Thank you for stopping by.

One thought on “《读者文摘》十月份的Word Power”

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s